This article seeks to connect ethics with energy and emotion in order to help humanity reach its optimum state of health and well being. It is crucial that humanity achieves a high level of coherence with the new Platonic–Fullerene Chemistry because if provides a key to human survival on this planet. The reason for this being that PFC is based on ethical science, as opposed to the sterile, entropic chemistry that humanity is currently subject to. An ongoing obsession with this entropic chemistry can only lead to incoherence, disorder and total breakdown. This paper will show how ethics and ethical science are crucial to human evolution. We need to understand how energy and emotion fit into this picture and how to utilise these two forces to bring about ethical behaviour for the betterment of the human condition.
Platonic–Fullerene Chemistry, so named by Professor Robert Pope, director of the Science–Art Centre of Australia, embraces the metaphysical engineering principles of both Plato and Buckminster Fuller. Buckminster Fuller, inspired by Platonic geometry, designed geodesic spheres, later replicated by a team of chemists, who named them ‘buckyballs’ in his honour. They became a scientific sensation, alluding to solutions to the world’s energy crisis, as will be explained in this article. The buckyball story is largely about carbon, an extraordinary element, with over 90 percent of all known chemical substances built around it; possibly the most important being, the DNA and its proteins.
However, despite organic chemistry being based on carbon, it wasn’t until 1985 that its most extraordinary feature was discovered. Until then the only two known forms that consisted entirely of carbon atoms were diamond and graphite. Graphite carbon atoms (which are formed in stacked sheets of linked hexagons) are each bonded weakly to three other atoms, giving graphite its soft, greasy feel. In 1985, scientists discovered that by using a powerful laser beam they could vaporise graphite in an atmosphere of helium gas. Analysing the resulting carbon clusters, they discovered carbon molecules of a previously unknown nature, of which the most common was a perfect sphere comprising hexagonal and pentagonal geometrical shapes that contained 60 carbon atoms.
After much debate, it became apparent to the scientists involved (Curl, Kroto and Smalley) that these spherical molecules were extremely stable. They then discovered that this combination 텍사스홀덤 of geometric shapes formed the basis of the geodesic sphere designed by Robert Buckminster Fuller, for the 1967 Montreal World Exhibition. From then on, the new carbon molecule was known as the buckminsterfullerene, now shortened to fullerene or buckyball, which chemists write as C 60. After the prestigious scientific journal ‘Nature’ (Holper & Sarre 1999) published this extraordinary finding, quite a stir took place in the scientific community, once it was realised that buckyballs could be very useful substances. In 1996, for this discovery, Curl, Kroto and Smalley became recipients of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
Owing to their unusual hollow cage-like shape, science finds buckyball molecules and other fullerenes intriguing, especially as the carbon atoms can react with other atoms and molecules, while retaining their integrity and shape. Scientists have also discovered tubes of carbon-like rolls of chicken wire by passing an electric current between graphite rods. These carbon tubes, (nanotubes or buckytubes) form a series of embedded cylinders, which when catalysed by a minuscule dose of cobalt, nickel or iron, form a hollow nanotube a mere one atom thick. These tubes can be of great length, comprising up to one million carbon atoms.