Many experts hold an opinion that Chinese learners should speak fluently at first, and then pursue accuracy of language. So linguists suggest some specific things everyone can do (for little or no money) to improve Chinese, spoken English in particular.

1. Take advantage of mass media. Nowadays there are so many Chinese programs in mass media. For instance, you could get up five minutes earlier and listen to the news in Chinese. In the second place, you can try watching the Chinese news and movies rather than English. If the news and movies have subtitles, try taping a piece paper over them. Repeat some sentences that you like as many times as possible until they become automatic. And you could listen to the words of Chinese song that you like (warning: don’t depend on text provided on Chinese channels or in Chinese magazines!). Then repeat them to yourself and try to sing with the music. Do it until it becomes automatic. It’s good practice for your memory and for the mouth muscles that you need for Chinese. And you needn’t worry about the mistakes being laughed at.

2. Oral composition. Oral composition can get effect instantly to enhance spoken Chinese. So-called oral composition is a kind of real-time or prepared commentary and narration. It is verbal instead of literalness. This kind of ‘composition’ is so free that you can say anything what you want to say. The topic is all-inclusive and relational tightly to life, such as statement of something, description of scene, repeat of somebody’s words, recounting all the happenings of the day, commentary on something. The oral composition is also discussion or asking and answers yourself without any limit of form and length. When you do this exercise, you can say something in front of a mirror when you are alone. But there is better effect when two persons do it. The reason is that while one person narrates something to another, the other can ask questions for what he doesn’t understand at any moment. This is intercommunication in deed.

3. Practice reading aloud instead of mumble. Reading aloud with emotion will make learner comprehend the article you read more deeply and remember it more firmly. By this means, you can use some perfect sentences of the article proficiently and skillfully. Abraham Lincoln obtained plenty of knowledge by reading aloud, so his eloquence became more and more excellent. He often blurted out very elegant sentences as sweet music. Once, in a speech of president accession, he plumped out, “Don’t hate anyone, give everyone love.” Many words of him became wisdom, and were taken delight in talking about by everybody. On the 日本樓盤 other hand, you are able to get someone to check your pronunciation and intonation, or record yourself on tape and analyze your own speech. Set goals of specific things you can work on improving, for example, differences between words whose pinyin contain “z” and “zh” or “c” and “ch”. Keep notes of words you often mispronounce and practice them repeatedly.

4. Practice tongue twister. This is a method to improve oral expression ability by purposive and designed training of tongue twister. It is an interesting way because tongue twister is language game that is organized by easily confused words. Tongue twister has much to do with pronunciation, position of tongue, and shape of mouth. In fact, in order to improve spoken Chinese, especially fluency and correction of pronunciation, you must do exercise to adjust position of tongue and shape of mouth. And tongue twister is a very good approach to this aim. The request of the practice is speaking clearly, correct pronunciation, rapidness and fluency, and saying it without a break. The concrete suggestion is as follows:

a. From short to long. At the beginning of training, you can read short tongue twister, and then you read longer sentence.

b. From slow to fast. Firstly, you read it slowly. If you are proficient to recite it, you can speak it quickly.

c. Make use of pause skillfully. Some tongue twister is so long that you can’t read it in one breath. You have to make use of pause. First of all, you divide the whole material into several sense groups. After one sense group, you stop for a while and get a breath. Then you read next sense group.

5. Language is all around you. Everywhere you go you find language. Shop names, street names, advertisements, notices on buses and trains…Even if you are not in an Chinese-speaking country, there are some Chinese words you can see when walking in the street, especially in big cities. And there are always numbers. Car numbers, telephone numbers, house numbers… How can this help you? When you walk down the street, practice reading the words and numbers that you see. Say them to yourself. It’s not exactly a conversation, but it will help you to “think” in Chinese. For instance, if you walk along a line of parked cars, say the number on each car quickly as you can pass it. Test yourself, to see how fast you can walk and still can say each number. But don’t speak too loud!

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